Maintaining Our Boundaries – Clytha Railings Project


What railings?

At the end of last year we decided to replace an old section of parkland railings that formed part of a field boundary on Ffynonnau Farm. The original hedge had grown up around them making them impossible to maintain.


The Woodlands team have been hard at work


The Woodlands team cut back as much of the trees and bushes as they could but were hampered by the original railings being entwined in the trees. Traffic lights were also needed as some of the bigger trees had to be felled on to the busy adjacent road.


Some of the many supporting stanchions


I needed to replace 150 meters of railings which meant getting 120 stanchions (metal frames) made to support the railings. With the help of my volunteers we managed to paint most of the frames in the workshop before starting the job. Because cattle will be kept in the field we concreted every 10th frame in place to give extra support to the railings.

I used a solid metal bar connected with short sections of tube for the railings which was then welded together on site using a portable welder generator.


Making use of an old style


There is a right of way that crosses the field and the fence so I had to put a style in as a legal requirement. I recycled an old one and re-enforced the railing with steel tube to take the weight of people climbing over it. As part of the Clytha river walk we are encouraging people to walk along the inside of this stretch of railings and cross the road through the 4’ gate. This is a lot safer than walking along the edge of the busy road.

We had a working holiday at the beginning of March carrying out a variety of work during their week of volunteering. With their help, and the aid of a few days dry weather, I managed to get the railings under coated and top coated. As you can see below they seemed to enjoy the task! The work was mostly funded from the tenant farmers farm improvement grant and goes a long way to maintaining the historical views around the Clytha Estate.


Happy volunteers providing vital support to the team

Simon – Area Ranger

New beginnings – mad as a March hare

After a long and very wet winter, we finally seem to be coming out the other side. The


Bluebells at Coed y Bwnydd

countryside is stirring and beginning to come alive with the chattering of birds, the emergence of toads and frogs, the first of the wild flowers sprouting through the cold ground and mammals beginning to wake from their deep winter sleep.

One of the sure signs of spring, if you’re lucky enough to spot it, are brown hares sparring. Once a common sight in the countryside, the brown hare has suffered a decline of more than 80% in the last 100 years. Their breeding season is mainly March and there is a saying – ‘to be as mad as a March hare’. This phrase derives from observing the antics of hares during their breeding season, from rearing up on their hind legs, boxing with each other in the middle of an open field, sometimes with an audience, to jumping high in the air and chasing each other frantically. The brown hare eventually became known as the symbol of fertility, and a sign of spring.

Brown Hare

Brown Hare, laying low in a form, Orford Ness, National Trust Images/Andrew Capell

Easter Sunday is a religious holiday to some and a family holiday to others, but how did the Easter bunny get involved? Easter is originally a pagan festival that celebrated the end of the winter and its symbol was the brown hare which represented fertility and the rebirth of nature following the cold, hard winter. As rabbits are similar to hares and are common, the symbol was changed to the Easter bunny. Eggs, like rabbits and hares are fertility symbols of the past, and so came about the rabbit delivering eggs at Easter to mark the arrival of spring.

With the beginning of the new season my role as conservation ranger will be shifting from the winter work of habitat management and maintenance to surveying and monitoring our wildlife and habitats. This is to ensure the management work is having a positive effect and I will also be delivering events with fun activities that encourage people to get outdoors and closer to nature.

To kick this off the Brecon team will be hosting an Easter event on the Sugar Loaf near


Den building on the Sugar Loaf

Abergavenny on Saturday 26th March which involves a self led Cadbury Easter Egg hunt and a Wild Wednesday event on 30th March and 6th April. During our Wild Wednesdays you will get a chance to tick off some of the 50 things to do before you’re 11 ¾ activities whilst having a fun family day out. For more info please see our Facebook page or website.

We will be running a variety of different events throughout the year so keep an eye out for updates on our Facebook page or visit the National Trust website for more details.

I look forward to seeing you on an event soon

Jess, Conservation Ranger

Working hard to keep footpaths open

As a relatively new ranger with the National Trust, I thought I would explain some of


Trench dug and ready to lay pitching

my responsibilities and show what I have been doing. My position as part of the access team is predominantly responsible for the repair and maintenance of the Pont ar Daf and Storey Arms paths leading to Corn Du, Pen y Fan and Cribyn; here I use a number of methods to prevent erosion of the paths and surrounding hillsides, which without constant management can quickly deteriorate. 

The central Brecon Beacons have an average annual rainfall of approx. 2400mm compared with the nearby town of Brecon which on average receives just 1173mm. This level of water can rapidly deteriorate pathways as do other factors such as footfall. With over 200,000 mountain lovers visiting the highest peak in southern Britain (Pen y Fan) each year, erosion is a serious problem. To protect and combat issues like these we use stone pitching, which is an ancient method pre-dating the Romans. It involves laying large boulders in rows embedded into the paths (see below image), which is similar to cobbling but on a much larger scale and a very resilient way of surfacing a pathway.


Boulders embedded into trench and packed with small stones and soil

We then cover the pitching with Old Red Sandstone scalpings which settles into the ground; this offers protection and a better walking surface. Along with stone pitching and scalpings, we create a number of culverts, cross and side ditches to keep the water off the paths. These are also stone laid for strength, longevity and ease of clearing out which must be done regularly.

Landscaping and reseeding grasses help us stabilise bare earth and blend in our work. I also work closely with our volunteers and those on working holidays who provide much needed assistance to maintaining the footpaths.


A volunteer working hard on the Pont ar Daf footpath

In addition I also assist with family events such as Wild Wednesdays during the school holidays where we incorporate the National Trust’s hugely popular 50 things to do before you’re 11 ¾ including activities such as building a den, climbing a tree and damming a stream, all of which are set within the woodland of St Mary’s Vale and the Sugar Loaf.

I hope you can join us for one of our events on the Sugar Loaf, starting off with our Cadbury Easter Egg Hunt on Saturday 26 March. Or if you come across me and the rest of the team working on the footpaths in the central Brecon Beacons, please stop and say hello.

Thanks, Huw Barrell
Ranger – Brecon Beacons

Let’s go down to the woods today

It has been just over 4 years since we started our work at Pont-ar-Daf, the woodland at one of the busiest access points to Pen-y-Fan.  When we first arrived on site, it was a neglected and unmanaged commercial crop.  A study of the site carried out by our nature conservation team considered it to be of little value to nature, the highlights being a strip of old birch and oak wood running through it at the north end, a drainage ditch at the south end and a failed Scots Pine crop in the middle, each being quite significant for the species found in them.


Work only just starting at the beginning of 2012

The wood has changed somewhat since then, rapidly at first with the discovery of a disease in the larch trees (Phytophthora ramorum) and more gradually as we have improved access around the woods to allow for future management.  We are looking to maintain a mix of species of varying age.  The new tracks intersect old plough lines, in turn reducing run-off.  The intention is to keep these tracks as wide corridors to let light into the wood and give space for woodland floor species.  In other sections we are maintaining cover to preserve the humidity and moisture for ferns, mosses and other damp loving plants.

What has impressed us the most is the explosion of wildlife we’ve seen in the wake of our work.  One of our aims is to increase the nature conservation value of the site and by spending a lot of time there, we are seeing all sorts of things take advantage that weren’t before.

Frog spawn was probably the first thing we spotted.  With the harvesting machines not

Frog spawn

Frog spawn

long off site, they were quick to make use of the puddles left behind by the machines tracking across the hillside.

Apart from the trees we have planted (with varying success until we fenced out the sheep that wander the road), there has been a gradual increase in the natural spread of plants across the site.  Taking advantage of the light now making it to the floor, lack of competition and particularly the disturbance of the ground where we have been working and landscaping.  Various grasses and reeds have come up along with primroses, rosebay willow herb, foxgloves, heather, bilberry, marsh violets, gorse, bramble, bluebells and colts foot as well as some natural tree regeneration of birch, rowan and some of the conifer species that were on the site.  All the seed has been unlocked from the soil or come by natural means.

We have noticed a gradual increase in bird sound, particularly noticeable in the breaks from using machinery.  Just as the sound bursts in and you start looking around, you can see the birds.  Ravens, buzzards and red kites circle overhead, occasionally taking a perch in the tree tops.  Lower down, below the canopy and hunting for insects, we see tree pipit (a rare red status species), redstart (amber), treecreeper, robins and many members of the tit family.

Some species which may be considered shy can be quite brazen.  A quite unexpected spot

Red Grouse

Red Grouse in flowering heather

by Stuart our Lead Woodland Ranger was a Red grouse, walking past him as he stacked timber with the tractor.  It was picking its way through the heather, grazing its way up the hill, taking advantage of the new, young growth.

This was not the only brazen visitor to the woods.  We saw footprints and tracks in the snow criss-crossing the site, but one afternoon during a chainsaw course we were hosting, a fox popped up from the lower part of the woods, trotted over the top of a timber stack, observing the trainees and taking a leisurely walk around.  The fox watched them from a relatively short distance in the trees; one of those moments too busy watching to take a picture.

The increased sunlight and extra ground vegetation cover has allowed for a great increase in the number of sun loving creatures.  Butterflies and moths seem more frequent across the site, following access tracks and floating over the clear fell areas.  Pictured below is one we found whilst fencing the southern tip of the site.  It really stood out with the bright pink on black, sat on top of a yellow flower, unusually bright for a moth.


Five-spot Burnet moth, spotted whilst fencing

Another sun worshipper, spotted sunning themselves on the tree stumps, or here on one of the old boundary walls, is a common lizard.

Lizard for blog

Common Lizard sunning itself

As we walk across the site we have seen various small mammals running through the maze of brash, only the briefest of glimpses as they run for cover, but looking like shrews and mice.

This leaves us with our most recent spot.  Most likely feeding off the small mammals and


Kestrel, hovering

reptiles, we’ve been watching a kestrel hunt for its lunch while we stopped to eat ours, watching it hover and dive, completely unfazed by a busy car park and walkers making their way up and down the hill.  So a plan for this year is to build a nest box for the kestrel, place it high and sheltered and see what happens.

A lot of this increase is benefiting from the work we are carrying out, but we have been spending a lot of time up there too and just being out there increases your chances of seeing the wildlife.

Tim – Woodland Ranger

A Very Merry Crafty Christmas

So Christmas has arrived once again, and to celebrate we have been making festive decorations for our gardens and Christmas trees at Coelbren Welfare Hall.20151222_124302_resized

The kids have enjoyed getting stuck into making some robin boxes to put up in their gardens, along with some bird feeder wreaths and of course some Christmas decorations for the tree, made from natural materials found just on our doorstop. Why not try making your own bird feeder wreath at home? All you need is some willow, pine cones, bird feed and holly or other greenery. All free materials (except for the feed) and good for the birds too!

The lead up to Christmas has certainly been busy this year, and one of the main projects I have been undertaking is laying the last half of the hedge at Lanlay meadows. The timing for hedge laying is during the winter when the sap isn’t running freely, there are no nesting birds and wildlife in general is at its least active.WP_20151110_15_31_27_Pro (2)

By laying the hedge, it is actually extending its life and producing a denser, healthier hedge that is stock proof and great for wildlife. It is important to keep hedges in good condition, not only to keep them stock proof but because they are great wildlife corridors that join up fragmented habitats and provide food and shelter to a variety of different species.

So if you are thinking of getting rid of your hedge and substituting it for a fence in your garden maybe think twice and do your part for conservation. You can benefit too by watching all the wonderful wildlife from your very own living room!WP_20151110_15_18_53_Pro1 (2)

Thank you to all who helped out with the second half of the hedge this year, a lot of different people gave up their spare time and it is greatly appreciated.

Merry Christmas everyone!


First Snow of the 2015-16 Season Pen Y Fan Circular

From a couple of weeks ago when the hills looked more appealing. Also includes a nice circular walk starting from our Cwm Gwdi car park.

black mountains photography brecon beacons wales

With a forecast looking as delectable as this what better place to be to welcome the first snow of the 2015-16 season than the highest summit in the Brecon Beacons.

first snow forecast And with it being so so early in the season its only the 21st November. The excitement was building right across social media with it also being on a weekend, it was fantastic I do so love the almost tribal buzz with people all across the country getting excited about the weather and the landscape.

Trying to fight off the 12 year boy in my head and keeping my photography head on I started to plan the images and video I was going to try and record. With an abundance of people being out on the hills and gale force winds the place was going to have a dramatic feel for sure, and being partly inspired by the work of

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